Wall and floor tile used for interior and exterior decoration belongs to a class of ceramics known as whitewares. The production of tile dates back to ancient times and peoples, including the Egyptians, the Babylonians, and the Assyrians. For instance, the Step Pyramid for the Pharoah Djoser, built in ancient Egypt around 2600 B.C., contained colorful glazed tile. Later, ceramic tile was manufactured in virtually every major European country and in the United States. By the beginning of the twentieth century, tile was manufactured on an industrial scale. The invention of the tunnel kiln around 1910 increased the automation of tile manufacture. Today, tile manufacture is highly automated.
The American National Standards Institute separates tiles into several classifications. Ceramic mosaic tile may be either porcelain or of natural clay composition of size less than 39 cm2 (6 in.2). Decorative wall tile is glazed tile with a thin body used for interior decoration of residential walls. Paver tile is glazed or unglazed porcelain or natural clay tile of size 39 cm2 (6 in.2) or more. Porcelain tile is ceramic mosaic tile or paver tile that is made by a certain method called dry pressing. Quarry tile is glazed or unglazed tile of the same size as paver tile, but made by a different forming method. Read more: http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Ceramic-Tile.html#ixzz3iheWSAP2
How are Porcelain And Ceramic Tiles Made?
The way that ceramic tile and porcelain tile is made can vary based on the type of tile and what it is being used for, but there are common design and material elements across all types.
Simply explained, ceramic tile is tile made of clay that is shaped and then it is fired in a very hot kiln. In earlier times, the production process was that unglazed tile was fired once while glazed tile was fired twice. While technologies have improved production, the process is very much the same now as it was a long time ago.
Three steps, one very dense tile
Step 1: In order to make a tile, it’s necessary to start with some clay. Nowadays, however, it’s more likely that that clay will be produced rather than sourced from a riverbed as it was in the past. To make clay, producers will choose a form of dust made out of pulverized rock, slate, or marble, or sometimes other materials like post-industrial and post consumer glass, for instance. Read more: http://learn.builddirect.com/flooring/porcelain-ceramic-tile-made/
The Production Process of Ceramic Tiles
Concrete Roof Tiles Manufacturing Process
Throughout the manufacturing process, Boral Roofing adheres to best practices pertaining to production and environmental responsibility.
Products are made locally to service regional customers – reducing transportation costs and emissions.
1. Processed water is recycled for reuse in the manufacturing process.
2. Reduce the use of cement consumption by using post-industrial materials such as blast furnace slag and fly ash, preventing potentially harmful pollutants from reaching local ecosystems.
3. Tile may be crushed and reintroduced into the manufacturing process as well as for use in construction projects.
4. Concrete tiles produce less than half of the carbon emissions of clay tiles and metal sheets